Library

A collection of articles with medical information on skin cancer and skin health. For useful tips on how to keep your skin healthy, check our Blog.

Cancerous skin moles
Melanoma

Early signs of melanoma

Detecting skin cancer in time is key for survival, and, in order to stay safe, you need to know what to watch out for. In this post, we go over the early signs of melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, to help you take control of your skin health.

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Symptoms of metastatic melanoma
Metastatic melanoma

Symptoms of metastatic melanoma

When detected early, melanoma is highly treatable. But once it has spread throughout the body, or when melanoma metastasized, it becomes much more difficult to treat and can be fatal. Read in this post about metastatic melanoma symptoms and its warning signs.

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Melanoma pictures on arm

The biggest cause of melanoma on the arm is ultraviolet radiation from the sun. This being the case, the areas of our bodies most often exposed to the sun’s rays are at the greatest risk. Our arms are one of these areas, and they’re a part of our body we should take precautions to protect and should be vigilant about checking, along with everywhere else on our body. View below some melanoma pictures on arms.

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Skin discoloration
Skin spots

Skin pigment discoloration: why does it happen?

Skin discolorations can occur in many forms. From birthmarks to skin conditions we develop later in life, skin pigmentation depends on a variety of factors and can indicate different things for our health. Read about the basics of skin pigmentation and take a look at some of its common causes to understand how they can affect your skin.

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Amelanotic melanoma
Melanoma

What is amelanotic melanoma?

About 6% of all melanomas do not display typical features. Amelanotic melanoma presents itself as a colorless melanoma due to a lack of melanin. For many of us, the ABCDEs of melanoma are synonymous with detection and prevention but amelanotic melanoma often defies this prevention method.

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Mole map New Zealand
New Zealand

Mole map New Zealand

This year, New Zealand pushed Australia out of the top position for the highest per capita rates of invasive melanoma in the world. A study published in The Journal of Investigative Dermatology found that while rates of invasive melanoma have begun to decline in Australia, they are on the rise in New Zealand. Researchers believe this is in large part due to less education and awareness around the issue in New Zealand as compared to Australia. With a large number of sunny days per year, a thinner ozone layer than most areas of the world and a high proportion of fair-skinned people, New Zealand faces many challenges when it comes to preventing skin cancer.

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New Zealand

Mole map Auckland

According to Melanoma New Zealand, approximately 11 people in New Zealand will be diagnosed with skin cancer today. Over the years, New Zealand has earned the unfortunate distinction of having the highest skin cancer rates in the world. The large proportion of fair-skinned people with outdoor lifestyles in a particularly sunny environment are the main factors to blame.

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Skin care tips

Combination skin treatment

Combination skin presents people around the world with a skincare challenge. How do you deal with skin that is both oily and dry? Both breaking out and flaking? While it is definitely a challenge, there are some things those with combination skin can do to make their skincare routine easier and their skin clearer.

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Mole map Wellington
New Zealand

Mole map Wellington

New Zealand and Australia have the highest rates of skin cancer in the world. With a large amount of fair-skinned people, lots of sunshine and outdoor lifestyles, it is a perfect storm for skin cancer. According to Melanoma New Zealand, over 4,000 people are diagnosed with melanoma in New Zealand each year. But when caught early, it is highly treatable. That’s why checking your moles and knowing the options that exist locally for diagnosis is so important. Below, we’ll go over what you need to know about checking your moles and the mole map options available in Wellington.

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Pinpoint red spots
Basal cell carcinoma

Basal Cell Carcinoma symptoms

If you have recently been diagnosed with skin cancer, you may have been told that you have basal cell carcinoma but have no idea what that actually means. Knowing the symptoms and signs of basal carcinoma will help you to understand how it occurred and for others, it could lead to early diagnosis and treatment.

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Dry white spots on skin
Skin spots

Dry white spots on skin: are those dangerous?

One of the most common causes of dry white spots on skin is a condition called pityriasis Alba which is Latin for white scaly patches. These may look alarming and the fact they show up after sun exposure can make us question if they are dangerous. The good news is that in almost all cases they are not harmful and are nothing to worry about.

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Squamous cell carcinoma symptoms
Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinoma symptoms (SCC)

Most of us are aware of the usual signs of skin cancers – moles that look strange or start to change in shape or become itchy or crusty. But squamous cell carcinoma is a different type of skin cancer that looks unusual compared to those we might be on the lookout for. Squamous cell carcinoma symptoms may be harder to spot, but it is still possible to see clearly the signs and to catch it before it becomes harder to treat.

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Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous Cell Carcinoma: what is it?

Squamous cell carcinoma is the second most common type of skin cancer. It forms when squamous cells begin to grow uncontrollably in the top layers of the skin, called the epidermis. In most cases, it is caused by repeated exposure to UV rays over time.

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Common skin lesions
Skin lesions

Common skin lesions

Most of us will experience some skin disorders or conditions at some point in our lives. Whether a simple rash or a severe disease like melanoma, many types of skin lesions can occur on our body’s largest organ. In this post, we look at the most common skin lesions, their characteristics and typical courses of treatment.

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Ocular Melanoma Symptoms
Melanoma

Ocular Melanoma symptoms

What is ocular melanoma and what are ocular melanoma symptoms? We usually associate melanoma as being a type of skin cancer that causes moles and skin tumors. However, there is another type of melanoma that develops in the eye, known as ocular melanoma. It is the most common form of eye cancer – despite being incredibly rare.

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How does melanoma affect the body?

Melanoma is an aggressive form of skin cancer that affects the body in many ways. Usually first appearing as a new mole or skin growth, melanoma can spread deeper into the body if left untreated. How melanoma affects the body is a key question for newly diagnosed patients.

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melanoma originate
Melanoma

Where does melanoma originate?

Know where Melanoma Originates. Melanoma begins in melanocyte cells found in the innermost layer of the epidermis (the top layer of our skin). It occurs when those cells behave abnormally, growing excessively and taking over surrounding tissues.

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Itchy moles
Itchy spots

Why does my mole itch? (and how to know if it’s melanoma)

Melanoma can have many different symptoms, one of which is itching. While an itchy mole is not always a sign of skin cancer, it is important to know if it’s necessary to worry. In this post, we go through some common causes of an itchy mole and the warning signs you should be aware of.

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Skin care tips

Skincare tips for men

Many may bristle at the words “skincare tips for men”. But a basic skincare regimen can do wonders for even the most reluctant of men. Knowing the basics of how to care for your skin helps prevent breakouts, dry skin or premature aging from occurring. And skincare doesn’t have to mean high maintenance either! Below we go over a few simple steps every man can take to improve the look and feel of his skin.

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melanoma freckle
Melanoma

Melanoma that looks like a freckle

Melanoma is a scary disease because it can often look quite similar to harmless-looking blemishes, like a mole or a freckle.

According to DermNet New Zealand, about 75% of melanomas are new spots that appear in otherwise normal-looking skin. The rest will from an existing mole or spot. The key to early detection is knowing the warning signs that distinguish the harmless from the dangerous with freckles and moles.

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melanoma metastasize
Melanoma

Where does melanoma metastasize?

Melanoma is aggressive cancer with a high likelihood of metastasis. Melanoma metastasize means that the melanoma has spread from its initial site in the body. This occurs in stage 3 and stage 4 of the four stages of melanoma.

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Where does melanoma start
Melanoma

Where does melanoma start?

Melanoma can appear anywhere on the body, both for men and women. But there are some indicators that are possible signs of melanoma. Some places that can be described as ‘hidden’, where melanoma skin cancer can occur as well. So where does melanoma start?

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So how common is Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Squamous Cell Carcinoma

How common is squamous cell carcinoma?

Skin cancers are by far the most common type of cancer, next to being the fastest-growing cancer as well. To illustrate that with a number: in the US alone, estimates from several cancer organizations state that about 5.4 million Basal and Squamous Cell skin cancers are diagnosed each year. The most common type of skin cancer is Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) – 8 out of 10 diagnoses are of this type. So how common is Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC)?

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Squamous Cell Carcinoma

What is squamous cell carcinoma in situ?

Early forms of squamous cell carcinoma are classified as in situ, which means “in place” in Latin. Squamous cell carcinoma is one of the most common types of skin cancer. It forms when squamous cells begin to grow uncontrollably in the outer part of the epidermis, which is the top layer of our skin. In most instances, it is caused by repeated exposure to UV rays over time.

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How melanoma spreads

When melanocytes cells become damaged, mutations can occur and the mutated cells can reproduce themselves rapidly, eventually forming a tumor and taking over surrounding tissues. This article aims to explain how melanoma spreads.

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where is melanoma most common
Melanoma

Where is melanoma most commonly found?

Melanoma, the most dangerous type of skin cancer, can appear all over the body. But there are a few parts of the body where melanoma is most commonly found. These might be places that you want to check out more often. Make sure to self-check and go and see a doctor when you don’t feel comfortable with any skin spot. So where is melanoma most common?

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Skin cancer

How skin cancer affects the body

If you (or a loved one) are dealing with skin cancer, this can have a lot of impact. Not only on your health but also when it comes to understanding the disease and how to cope with it. Today we will take a look at how skin cancer affects the body, so you can understand what is happening when skin cancer occurs in one of the common types.

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Melanoma

Dermatologists definition

Dermatology can be a difficult subject. This medical field applies to all of the known skin issues, and if you are dealing with a certain skin issue you will be taken care of by a dermatologist. But what exactly IS a dermatologist and what does he or she do? Let’s take a look at the dermatologist’s definition.

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